Missions to space

Mission Overview

We want to fly in space, explore it. We want to launch the spacecraft into orbit, a GTO or MEO and from there work our way out to Earth escape.
We want to swing by the Moon and then head out to our asteroid. The solar panels will power our electric propulsion system.
The spacecraft will use the stars for navigation, together with the relative angle and distance to Earth.
On our way out we will take pictures of our beloved home planet, of the Moon and we will see them disappear far behind.

At around 60 moon distances we will rendezvous with the asteroid.
The data link at that distance with our antennas, transmitter and the ground station will be a mere 2-3 kbps.
Patiently we will download images and data from the asteroid.

Then what? We might swing back to the moon, land on the asteroid, or find another rock to explore.
That’s the point, building a craft that can sail and navigate the oceans of space, not just float on its current.

Picture of asteroid 2016 HO3

The Trip

Our trip will start in a GTO or MEO orbit around Earth. Both works. GTO is more of a standard destination for launch vehicles, but MEO would suit our needs better from a radiation perspective.

Once up there, the spacecraft would need to detumble, using sun sensors and reaction wheels. Once stable it would deploy its solar panels and point them towards the sun. Then the antennas would deploy, systems check, then the thrusters would be engaged.

The thrusters will be running for the whole trip, accelerating the spacecraft by a tiny amount each second, minute, hour, day, week, month until the little acceleration over time amounts to the huge delta-V necessary to get to our

Our trip will start in a GTO or MEO orbit around Earth. Both works. GTO is more of a standard destination for launch vehicles, but MEO would suit our needs better from a radiation perspective.

Once up there, the spacecraft would need to detumble, using sun sensors and reaction wheels. Once stable it would deploy its solar panels and point them towards the sun. Then the antennas would deploy, systems check, then the thrusters would be engaged.

Launch of Long March 3B, example of MEO launch vehicle

The Launch

Well, this is tricky. Even though the spacecraft is so small, and prices of getting into orbit is dropping, the administration fee of letting the spacecraft on board in the first place seems to be around 1-2 MUSD.

We really, really, really would hate to pay that kind of money on some admin stuff. It goes against the spirit of the whole mission. The point here being to create a model whereby shared value would make exploration affordable.

The way to go around this is to find a partner with launch capacity that sees the value of exploration. Someone who would want to share the effort, by providing the first half of the delta -V necessary (the launch) and we would provide the second half of the delta- V necessary (going from orbit to target). The CNSA could be such a partner as well as ESA or NASA.

Well, this is tricky. Even though the spacecraft is so small, and prices of getting into orbit is dropping, the administration fee of letting the spacecraft on board in the first place seems to be around 1-2 MUSD.

We really, really, really would hate to pay that kind of money on some admin stuff. It goes against the spirit of the whole mission. The point here being to create a model whereby shared value would make exploration affordable.

Picture of asteroid 2016 HO3

The Target

How can that be? Well, apparently it goes in an orbit around the sun in such a way that it at times is a little ahead of Earth, and then a little behind (watch this video of 2016HO3).

So, what do we hope to find out when we get there? Well getting there in itself is of course an achievement. But once there we want to map its spin, size, composition (Big rock? Pile of rubble? Or A little bit of all?).

There is not much to be said of 2016HO3. It is 40-120 meters in diameter. Probably just a big rock. What makes it interesting for our purposes is that it never ventures very far from the Earth. It is around 56-89 lunar distances from Earth at all times.

How can that be? Well, apparently it goes in an orbit around the sun in such a way that it at times is a little ahead of Earth, and then a little behind (watch this video of 2016HO3).

Illustration of the spacecraft

The Spacecraft

The spacecraft has at the time of writing no name, which strikes me as a shame. Let’s call it CEC for now. CEC will be a 12 U CubeSat. It will use electric propulsion and huge solar panels will feed it with power. The solar panels will be gimbaled to always point towards the sun when the engines are engaged. In-between propulsion and solar panels an extremely efficient power management system will have to channel all the wattage, to ensure that CEC will not go up in flames due to thermal issues.

The transponder will be used for communication, but also to determine the distance and angle to earth. This is not an easy piece of equipment to be found for a spacecraft this small.

The spacecraft has at the time of writing no name, which strikes me as a shame. Let’s call it CEC for now. CEC will be a 12 U CubeSat. It will use electric propulsion and huge solar panels will feed it with power. The solar panels will be gimbaled to always point towards the sun when the engines are engaged. In-between propulsion and solar panels an extremely efficient power management system will have to channel all the wattage, to ensure that CEC will not go up in flames due to thermal issues.